Communicable Disease Program
Public Health Department
Communicable diseases can be transmitted from person to person or from animal to person.The Lane County Public Health (LCPH) Communicable Disease Program serves to prevent and control the spread of communicable diseases through investigation, providing immunizations, education and treatment.
Oregon state law requires the tracking of communicable diseases in order to prevent and control disease outbreaks. To ensure the safety of the community, the law also requires Physicians, Healthcare Providers and Labs to report all “reportable” diseases to LCPH.
Links on this Page
Communicable Disease Programs at LCPH
Information for Physicians,
Healthcare Providers &
Communicable Disease Programs
LCPH investigates reports of communicable diseases identified by physicians and medical laboratories within Lane County. Nurses and Health Educators teach clients about communicable diseases and how to prevent the spread of disease through the following clinics, programs or services:
Are you and your family up-to-date with all of the recommended immunizations? This program provides immunizations for infants, children and adults in order to support community access to vaccinations. This program educates physicians about vaccines, ensures school children are immunized, and provides low or no cost immunizations to uninsured or underinsured children. Click here for more information about this clinic.
Tuberculosis (TB) Program
Are you concerned about TB? This program assures that people with active TB receive medication and complete treatment. Nurses investigate cases involving people exposed to TB and treat them to prevent further spread of the disease.
Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD) Clinic
Do you have questions or concerns about sexually transmitted diseases or infections? This program provides confidential, low cost STD diagnosis, education and treatment. Click here for more information about this clinic.
HIV & Hepatitis Prevention Program
Do you need support, information or resources related to HIV or Hepatitis? This program reaches out to gay and bisexual men and injection drug users to provide information, support, and tools to prevent HIV & Hepatitis, and prevent further spread of these diseases. Click here for more information about this program.
Emergency Preparedness Program
Do you have a 72 hour emergency supply kit? Is your family going to be prepared in the event of an emergency? This program actively prepares for the emergence of new illnesses by exercising and coordinating emergency events with local and state partners. Click here for information about the Infectious Disease Preparedness Program.
For information on preventing and treating the flu please click here.
Many infectious diseases can be prevented through simple and inexpensive methods:
Diseases that LCPH keeps track of are called "reportable". All Oregon Physicians and Healthcare providers are required by law to submit reportable disease information to their local health department. Refer to ORS 433.004; OAR 333-18-000 et seq. or click here.
Licensed Laboratories are required by law to report all test results indicative of and specific for the diseases, infections, microorganisms, and conditions specified below. Such tests include but are not limited to: microbiological culture, isolation, or identification; assays for specific antibodies; and identification of specific antigens, toxins, or nucleic acid sequences.Refer to ORS 433.004; OAR 333-018-0015 or click here.
There are currently over 50 communicable diseases that are reportable in Oregon :
Immediately, day or night:
- Bacillus anthracis (anthrax);
- Clostridium botulinum (botulism);
- Corynebacterium diphtheriae (diphtheria);
- Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome (SARS) and infection by SARS-coronavirus
- Yersinia pestis (plague);
intoxication caused by marine microorganisms or their byproducts (for example, paralytic shellfish poisoning, domoic acid intoxication, ciguatera, scombroid); any known or suspected common-source Outbreaks;any Uncommon Illness of Potential Public Health Significance.
Within 24 hours (including weekends and holidays):
- Haemophilus influenzae (any invasive disease; for laboratories, any isolation or identification from a normally sterile site);
- Measles (Rubeola);
- Neisseria meningitidis (any invasive disease; for laboratories, any isolation or identification from a normally sterile site);
- Pesticide Poisoning;
- Rabies (human or animal);
- Vibrio (all species).
Within one Local Public Health Authority working day:
- Bordetella pertussis (pertussis);
- Borrelia (relapsing fever, Lyme disease);
- Brucella (brucellosis);
- Campylobacter (campylobacteriosis);
- Chlamydophila (Chlamydia) psittaci (psittacosis);
- Chlamydia trachomatis (chlamydiosis; lymphogranuloma venereum);
- Clostridium tetani (tetanus)
- Coxiella burnetii (Q fever);
- Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease and other transmissible spongiform encephalopathies
- Cryptosporidium (cryptosporidiosis);
- Cyclospora cayetanensis (cyclosporidiosis);
- Escherichia coli (Shiga-toxigenic, including E. coli O157 and other serogroups);
- Francisella tularensis (tularemia);
- Giardia (giardiasis);
- Haemophilus ducreyi (chancroid);
- Hepatitis A;
- Hepatitis B (acute or chronic infection);
- Hepatitis C
- Hepatitis D (delta);
- HIV infection (does not apply to anonymous testing) and AIDS;
- Legionella (legionellosis);
- Leptospira (leptospirosis);
- Listeria monocytogenes (listeriosis);
- Mycobacterium tuberculosis and M. bovis (tuberculosis);
- Neisseria gonorrhoeae (gonococcal infections);
- Pelvic Inflammatory Disease (acute, non-gonococcal)
- Plasmodium (malaria);
- Rickettsia (all species: Rocky Mountain spotted fever, typhus, others);
- Salmonella (salmonellosis, including typhoid);
- Shigella (shigellosis);
- Taenia solium (including cysticercosis and other undifferentiated Taenia infections
- Treponema pallidum (syphilis);
- Trichinella (trichinosis);
- Yersinia (other than pestis);
- any infection that is typically arthropod vector-borne (for example: Western equine encephalitis, Eastern equine encephalitis, St. Louis encephalitis, dengue, West Nile fever, yellow fever, California encephalitis, ehrlichiosis, babesiosis, Kyasanur Forest disease, Colorado tick fever, etc.);
- human bites by any other mammal;
- CD4 cell count <200/ml (mm3) or CD4 proportion of total lymphocytes <14%;
- hemolytic uremic syndrome.
Within 7 days:
- Suspected Lead Poisoning (for laboratories; this includes all blood lead tests performed on persons with suspected lead poisoning);
Disease Reporting – How to Report a Disease to LCPH
To report a disease call or fax Lane County Public Health.
Remember: all reports should be made to the patient’s local health department.
- Disease Reporting Form – for Physicians and Healthcare Providers
- Laboratories are required to keep a log of reports.
- Reports on out-of-state residents can be made to the provider’s local health department or (preferably) directly to the Oregon Health Services (phone 503/731-4024; fax 503/731-4798).
Please include the following information when calling to report:
- Patient: name, date of birth, race, gender
- Patient’s contact information: home phone, work phone, address
- Method of diagnosis
- Date of onset
- Lab test results
- Treatment given
- Possible source
- Attending physician & phone number, comments
- Person making report: name & title, phone number
- Hospital admission/ER visit date
- Discharge date
LCPH Phone Numbers to Report an Incident
Animal Bites (541) 682-4480
HIV/AIDS (541) 682-4041
Hepatitis (541) 682-4041
Lead Poisoning (541) 682-4480
Pesticide Poisoning (541) 682-4480
STDs (541) 682-4041
Tuberculosis (541) 682-4041
All other Reportable Communicable Diseases (541) 682-4041
To report after hours call (541) 998-4227.
Phone: (541) 682-4041
Program Coordinator: Cindy Morgan
LCPH services are available regardless of age, race, color, sex, religion, national origin, physical or mental disability, sexual orientation, gender identity, and marital status. LCPH facilities are wheelchair accessible. LCPH materials are available upon request in alternative formats such as: large print, Braille and other languages.